Герундий это существительное образованное из глагола путем добавления -ing.
Вы можете использовать герундий
Getting a good job is not easy.
Learning about other cultures makes people more tolerant.
Smoking is a bad habit.
Her favorite hobby is reading.
The most terrible thing for me was seeing you cry.
My favorite hobby is travelling to other countries.
He tried to avoid answering my question.
Have you ever considered going to live in a foreign country?
Would you mind closing the door?
Отрицательная форма делается при помощи добавления not.
When I'm on holiday, I enjoy not having to go to work.
I prefer not going out this evening.
Герундий можно еще использовать с притяжательными местоимениями, такими как his, her, its, your, their, our, someone's, something's, и т.д.
I enjoyed their playing.
Sally resented Tom's coming late to her birthday party.
We discussed the machine's being broken.
С некоторыми глаголами вы можете использовать конструкцию глагол + существительное + герундий:
I can't imagine George riding a motorbike.
You can't stop me doing what I want.
Sorry to keep you waiting so long.
После go мы употребляем герундий для некоторых видов деятельности: go swimming, go sailing, go fishing, go climbing, go skiing, go jogging, go shopping, go sightseeing.
We can't go climbing around in here.
When did you last go shopping?
После некоторых глоголов может следовать только герундий, не инфинитив:
|admit||He admitted cheating on the test.|
|anticipate||I anticipated arriving late.|
|appreciate||I appreciated her helping me.|
|avoid||He avoided talking to her.|
|can't help||He can't help talking so loudly.|
|can't see||I can't see paying so much money for a car.|
|complete||He completed renovating the house.|
|consider||She considered moving to New York.|
|defend||The lawyer defended her making such statements.|
|delay||He delayed doing his taxes.|
|deny||He denied committing the crime.|
|despise||She despises waking up early.|
|discuss||We discussed working at the company.|
|dislike||She dislikes working after 5 PM.|
|don't mind||I do not mind taking part in the game.|
|enjoy||We enjoy hiking.|
|imagine||He imagines working there one day.|
|involve||The job involves training others on best practices.|
|keep||She kept interrupting me.|
|mention||He mentioned going to that college.|
|mind||Do you mind waiting here twenty minutes.|
|miss||She misses living near the beach.|
|postpone||He postponed returning to Paris.|
|practice||She practiced singing the song.|
|quit||Let her quit shouting.|
|recall||I recalled swimming in a sea with her.|
|recollect||She recollected living in Kenya.|
|recommend||Tony recommended taking the train.|
|report||He reported her stealing the money.|
|resent||Nick resented Debbie's being there.|
|resist||He resisted asking for help.|
|risk||He risked being caught.|
|suggest||They suggested staying at the hotel.|
|tolerate||I tolerated her talking.|
|understand||I understand his quitting.|
После некоторых глаголов может следовать либо герундий, либо существительное с инфинитивом:
|advise||I advised seeing a doctor.||I advised them to see a doctor.|
|allow||Ireland doesn't allow smoking in bars.||Ireland doesn't allow people to smoke in bars.|
|encourage||He encourages eating healthy foods.||He encourages his patients to eat healthy foods.|
|permit||Norway doesn't permit fishing without a fishing license.||Norway doesn't permit people to fish without a fishing license.|
|require||The certificate requires completing two courses.||The certificate requires students to complete two courses.|
|urge||They urge recycling bottles and paper.||They urge citizens to recycle bottles and paper.|
После некоторых глаголов может идти инфинитив или существительное с инфинитивом.