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Герундий



Герундий это существительное образованное из глагола путем добавления -ing.


Вы можете использовать герундий
как подлежащее:.
Getting a good job is not easy.
Learning about other cultures makes people more tolerant.
Smoking is a bad habit.
как завершающее дополнение:.
Her favorite hobby is reading.
The most terrible thing for me was seeing you cry.
My favorite hobby is travelling to other countries.
как дополнение:.
He tried to avoid answering my question.
Have you ever considered going to live in a foreign country?
Would you mind closing the door?
Отрицательная форма делается при помощи добавления not.
When I'm on holiday, I enjoy not having to go to work.
I prefer not going out this evening.
Герундий можно еще использовать с притяжательными местоимениями, такими как his, her, its, your, their, our, someone's, something's, и т.д.
I enjoyed their playing.
Sally resented Tom's coming late to her birthday party.
We discussed the machine's being broken.
С некоторыми глаголами вы можете использовать конструкцию глагол + существительное + герундий:
I can't imagine George riding a motorbike.
You can't stop me doing what I want.
Sorry to keep you waiting so long.

После go мы употребляем герундий для некоторых видов деятельности: go swimming, go sailing, go fishing, go climbing, go skiing, go jogging, go shopping, go sightseeing.
We can't go climbing around in here.
When did you last go shopping?

После некоторых глоголов может следовать только герундий, не инфинитив:
admit He admitted cheating on the test.
anticipate I anticipated arriving late.
appreciate I appreciated her helping me.
avoid He avoided talking to her.
can't help He can't help talking so loudly.
can't see I can't see paying so much money for a car.
complete He completed renovating the house.
consider She considered moving to New York.
defend The lawyer defended her making such statements.
delay He delayed doing his taxes.
deny He denied committing the crime.
despise She despises waking up early.
discuss We discussed working at the company.
dislike She dislikes working after 5 PM.
don't mind I do not mind taking part in the game.
enjoy We enjoy hiking.
imagine He imagines working there one day.
involve The job involves training others on best practices.
keep She kept interrupting me.
mention He mentioned going to that college.
mind Do you mind waiting here twenty minutes.
miss She misses living near the beach.
postpone He postponed returning to Paris.
practice She practiced singing the song.
quit Let her quit shouting.
recall I recalled swimming in a sea with her.
recollect She recollected living in Kenya.
recommend Tony recommended taking the train.
report He reported her stealing the money.
resent Nick resented Debbie's being there.
resist He resisted asking for help.
risk He risked being caught.
suggest They suggested staying at the hotel.
tolerate I tolerated her talking.
understand I understand his quitting.
После некоторых глаголов может следовать либо герундий, либо существительное с инфинитивом:
advise I advised seeing a doctor. I advised them to see a doctor.
allow Ireland doesn't allow smoking in bars. Ireland doesn't allow people to smoke in bars.
encourage He encourages eating healthy foods. He encourages his patients to eat healthy foods.
permit Norway doesn't permit fishing without a fishing license. Norway doesn't permit people to fish without a fishing license.
require The certificate requires completing two courses. The certificate requires students to complete two courses.
urge They urge recycling bottles and paper. They urge citizens to recycle bottles and paper.
После некоторых глаголов может идти инфинитив или существительное с инфинитивом.



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