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Порядок слов



Глагол + дополнение.

  • глагол и дополнение обычно идут вместе. Мы не вставляем других слов между ними:
  • I like my job very much.
  • Did you see your friends yesterday?
  • Liz often plays tennis.
  • Do you eat meat every day?
  • Everybody enjoyed the party very much.
  • Our guide spoke English fluently.
  • I lost all my money and I also lost my passport.
  • At the end of the street you'll see a supermarket on your left.

  • Место и время.

  • Обычно глагол и место идут вместе:
  • go home     live in a city     walk to work
  • Если у глагола есть дополнение, место идет после глагола с дополнением:
  • take somebody home     meet a friend in the street
  • Время обычно идет после места:
  • Ben walks to work every morning.
  • Sam has been in Canada since April.
  • We arrived at the airport early.
  • I am going to Paris on Monday.
  • They have lived in the same house for a long time.
  • Don't be late. Make sure you are here by 8 o'clock.
  • Sarah gave me a lift home after the party.
  • You really shouldn't go to bed so late.
  • Часто бывает возможным поместить время в начало предложения:
  • On Monday I am going to Paris.
  • Every morning Ben walks to work.

  • Некоторые наречия (например, always, also, probably) идут с глаголом в середине предложеия. Есть некоторые общиие правила, но бывают исключения.
  • Если глагол - одно слово, то наречие обычно идет перед глаголом:
  • I almost fell as I was going down the stairs.
  • Helen always drives to work.
  • I washed my clothes and also cooked the dinner.
  • Lucy hardly ever watches television and rarely reads newspapers.
  • "Shall I give you my address?" "No, I already have it."
  • Joe never phones me. I always have to phone him.
  • Наречия идут после am, is, are, was, were:
  • We were feeling very tired and we were also hungry.
  • Why are you always late? You're never on time.
  • My wife isn't usually as angry as she was this morning.
  • Если глагол состоит из двух или более слов, то наречие обычно следует за первым глаголом:
  • I can never remember her name.
  • Clare doesn't often eat meat.
  • Are you definitely going away next week?
  • The concert will probably be cancelled.
  • You have always been very kind to me.
  • Jack can't cook. He can't even boil an egg.
  • Do you still work for the same company?
  • The house was only built a year ago and it's already falling down.
  • Обратите внимание, что probably идет перед отрицанием. Так, мы говорим:
  • I probably won't see you.

  • Мы также употребляем all и both на следующих позициях:
  • We all felt ill after the meal.
  • My parents are both teachers.
  • Sarah and Jane have both applied for the job.
  • We are all going out this evening.

  • Иногда мы используем is, will, did и т.д. вместо того, чтобы повторять часть предложения. Заметьте, мы ставим always, never и т.д. перед глаголом.
  • He always says he won't be late, but he always is.
  • I've never done it and I always will.



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